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1982__Malouines, Falklands

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1 1982__Malouines, Falklands le Mer 21 Nov - 21:16

une video très courte mais très bien faite pour tout comprendre de la mythique opération "Black Buck 1" en 1982 où le Vulcan XM607 parcouru plus de 12500km (6780MN) allé-retour pour bombarder la piste de Port Stanley depuis l'Ile de l'Ascension.
Deux Vulcan (dont un spare) et pas moins de onze Victor (dont deux spares) ravitailleurs furent engagés (quinze refueling au total) dans ce qui fut à l'époque le plus long raid aérien de l'histoire. Le vol retour ne fut pas de tout repos non plus.

pour en savoir plus sur l'opération "Black Buck" (en français)

docu fiction (en anglais)

Dernière édition par Fabrice"ALF le Mer 6 Mai - 19:51, édité 2 fois

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2 Re: 1982__Malouines, Falklands le Mar 11 Juin - 18:39

25 mai 1982, quatre A-4B Skyhawk argentins coulent le HMS Coventry à la bombe lisse et endommagent le HMS Broadsword (Lynx détruit) lors d'un raid d'une rare audace au ras des flots. 19 marins de la Royal Navy y perdent la vie et 30 sont blessés.

excellent documentaire National Geographic


25 May 1982

On 25 May 1982 (one of Argentina's national days: el Día de la Revolución de Mayo Spanish: May Revolution Day), Coventry and Broadsword were ordered to take up position to the north-west of Falkland Sound. There she would act as a decoy to draw Argentinian aircraft away from other ships at San Carlos Bay. In this position, close to land, with not enough open sea between her and the coast, her Sea Dart missiles would be less effective.[6] Broadsword was armed with the Sea Wolf missile, which is for short range anti-aircraft and anti-missile use.

At first, the trap worked, with FAA A-4B Skyhawk C-244 of Grupo 5 shot down north of Pebble Island by a Sea Dart. Pilot Capitán Hugo Ángel del Valle Palaver was killed. Later a FAA A-4C Skyhawk coded C-304 of Grupo 4 de Caza deployed to San Julian was shot down north east of Pebble Island by another Sea Dart while returning from a mission to San Carlos Water. Capitán Jorge Osvaldo García successfully ejected but was not recovered from the water. His body was washed ashore in a dinghy at Golding Island in 1983. Garcia's wingman, Teniente Ricardo Lucero, was also shot down during the raid on San Carlos by a Sea Cat from Yarmouth (also claimed by various others in the area including a Rapier battery), but he was luckier, and ejected into captivity, in front of waiting news crews.[7]

The two ships then came under attack by two waves of two Argentine A-4 Skyhawks. The first wave carried one 1,000 lb free fall dumb bombs while the second one carried 3 x 250 kg bombs. The four Skyhawks flew so low that Coventry's targeting radar could not distinguish between them and the land and failed to lock on. Broadsword attempted to target the first pair of attackers (Capitán Pablo Carballo and Teniente Carlos Rinke) with her Sea Wolf missile system, but her own tracking system locked down during the attack and could not be reset before the aircraft released their bombs.[4]

Of the bombs released, one bounced off the sea and struck Broadsword's flight deck and, though it failed to explode, wrecked the ship's Lynx helicopter. Coventry claimed to have hit the second Skyhawk (Capitán P. Marcos Carballo) in the tail with small arms fire, although the aircraft returned safely to Argentina. In fact, Carballo's plane was hit under the right wing by a piece of shrapnel on his way in, that pierced his aircraft's right fuel tank.[8]

The second pair of Skyhawks (Primer Teniente Mariano A. Velasco and Ensign Alférez Leonardo Barrionuevo), headed for Coventry 90 seconds later at a 20-degree angle to her port bow. Still unable to gain a missile lock, Coventry launched a Sea Dart in an attempt to distract them and turned hard to starboard to reduce her profile. On Broadsword the Sea Wolf system had been reset and successfully acquired the attacking aircraft, but was unable to fire as Coventry's turn took her directly into the line of fire.

Coventry used her 4.5-inch gun and small arms against the attacking aircraft. The port Oerlikon 20 mm cannon jammed, leaving the ship with only rifles and machine guns to defend herself. Coventry was struck by three bombs just above the water line on the port side. One of the bombs exploded beneath the computer room, destroying it and the nearby operations room, incapacitating almost all senior officers. The other entered the Forward Engine Room, exploding beneath the Junior Ratings Dining Room where the First Aid Party was stationed and the ship immediately began listing to port. The latter hit caused critical damage as it breached the bulkhead between the forward and aft engine rooms, exposing the largest open space in the ship to uncontrollable flooding.[4] Given the design of the ship, with multiple watertight compartments, two hits virtually anywhere else may have been just survivable. The third bomb did not explode. [4]

Within 20 minutes Coventry had been abandoned and had completely capsized. Coventry sank shortly after. Nineteen of her crew were lost and a further thirty injured.[9] One of the wounded, Paul Mills, suffered from complications from a skull fracture sustained in the sinking of the ship and died on 29 March 1983; he is buried in his home town of Swavesey.[10] After the ship was struck, her crew, waiting to be rescued, sang "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" from Monty Python's Life of Brian.[11]

Broadsword subsequently rescued 170 of Coventry's crew.

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3 Re: 1982__Malouines, Falklands le Sam 31 Aoû - 10:39

vu sur la Plaza de Mayo à Buenos Aires début août 2013
il reste des revenchards là bas !

(photo Patrice "Roman")

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4 Black buck le Mer 6 Mai - 14:53

1982, Operation Black Buck, RAF Ascension Island

Source: vulcantothesky.org

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